9.6.7 Multivitamin preparations

NHS England (NHSE) has published new prescribing guidance for items of limited clinical effectiveness that should not be routinely prescribed in primary care (quick reference guide). This included vitamins and minerals, unless there is a medically diagnosed deficiency, or when using calcium and vitamin D for osteoporosis, or for treating malnutrition including alcoholism. The guidance also excludes patients suitable to receive Healthy Start vitamins.

Many vitamin products are cheap to buy and are readily available OTC along with advice from pharmacies. Some self-care medicines are available from shops and supermarkets. Please click here for further information, exceptions, and a patient leaflet.

Vitamins
  • Capsules (ascorbic acid 15mg, nicotinamide 7.5mg, riboflavin 500 micrograms, thiamine hydrochloride 1mg, vitamin A 2500 units, vitamin D 300 units) (£0.43 = one daily)
Abidec®
  • Drops, vitamins A, B group, C, and D (£3.68 = 25ml)

Notes

  1. Includes arachis (peanut) oil
Vitamin and mineral supplements and adjuncts to synthetic diets
Forceval®
  • Capsules (£28.77 = 90 capsules)

Indications

Notes

  1. Forceval capsules contain vitamin A in the beta carotene form and may be taken preconception and during pregnancy
  2. Forceval soluble tablets (non-formulary) contain vitamin A in the retinol form and should not be taken preconception and during pregnancy
Ketovite®
  • Tablets (£9.21 = 100 tablets)
  • Liquid (£19.10 = 150ml)

Indications

  • Prevention of vitamin deficiency in disorders of carbohydrate or amino-acid metabolism and adjunct in restricted, specialised, or synthetic diets

Notes

  1. Use Ketovite® tablets and liquid together for complete vitamin supplementation
Multivitamins in chronic kidney disease (CKD)

Vitamin deficiencies are common in patients with renal disease due to dietary restrictions, changes to metabolism and vitamin loss during dialysis.

Renavit®
  • Tablets containing vitamin B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B8, B9, B12 and vitamin C (£3.50 = one tablet daily)

Indications

  • Prevention of water soluble vitamin deficiency in patients undergoing haemodialysis

Dose

  • Take one daily

Notes

  1. Vitamin deficiencies are common in patients with renal disease due to dietary restrictions, changes to metabolism and vitamin loss during dialysis
  2. Renavit® should only be initiated by a renal dietician- ongoing prescribing in primary care is acceptable
  3. The commissioning of Renavit® is accepted in Devon for the dietary management of water soluble vitamin deficiency in renal failure patients receiving haemodialysis (see Commissioning Policy for more details)
Multivitamins in cystic fibrosis (CF)
DEKAs Plus®
  • Liquid (£33.24 = 60ml)
  • Chewable tablets (£42.58 = 60 tablets)
  • Softgels (£42.58 = 60 tablets)

Indications

  • Dietary management of CF patients on the recommendation of a specialist

Notes

  1. DEKAs Plus formulations contain vitamins and minerals, including fat soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K.
  2. DEKAs Plus liquid is recommended for use in patients aged 0-3 years
  3. DEKAs Plus chewable tablets are recommended for use in patients aged 4 years and above
  4. DEKAs Plus softgels are recommended for use in patients aged over 10 years
DEKAs Essential®
  • Capsules (£36.51 = 60 capsules)

Indications

  • Dietary management of CF patients on the recommendation of a specialist

Notes

  1. DEKAs Essential capsules contain the fat soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K
  2. DEKAs Essential capsules are recommended for use in patients aged 4 years and above
Paravit-CF®
  • Liquid (£32.00 = 7ml)

Indications

  • Dietary management of CF patients on the recommendation of a specialist

Notes

  1. Paravit-CF liquid contains the fat soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K
  2. Paravit-CF liquid should be reserved for use in babies (as it is taste free/odour free) and patients with swallowing difficulties

 

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