3.1.1 Adrenoceptor agonists

3.1.1.1 Selective beta2 agonists

Short-acting beta2 agonists (SABAs)

Salbutamol
  • Aerosol inhalation 100 micrograms/ metered inhalation (£1.50 = 200 doses)
  • Breath-actuated aerosol inhalation 100 micrograms/ metered inhalation (£6.30 = 200 doses)
  • Nebuliser solution 2.5mg/ml, 5mg/2.5ml (£3.82 = 20 x 5mg)
  • Oral solution 2mg/5ml (£0.72 = 150ml)
  • Capsules modified release 4mg, 8mg
  • Injection 500 micrograms/ml
  • Solution for IV infusion (HDU/ITU only)

Indications

Dose

  • By aerosol inhalation, 100–200 micrograms (1–2 puffs); for persistent symptoms up to 4 times daily
  • Child: 100 micrograms (1 puff), increased to 200 micrograms (2 puffs) if necessary; for persistent symptoms up to 4 times daily
  • Prophylaxis of allergen or exercise-induced bronchospasm, 200 micrograms (2 puffs)
  • Child: 100 micrograms (1 puff), increased to 200 micrograms (2 puffs) if necessary

Notes

  1. Oral salbutamol is not generally recommended. Use in children should be reserved for those unable to use any form of inhalation device, including paediatric spacer with face-mask. Slow release formulations may improve lung function and symptoms but side effects are more likely. Use with caution in patients already using a LABA.
  2. See notes on nebulised therapy.
Terbutaline
  • Dry powder inhaler 500 micrograms/ metered inhalation (£6.92 = 100 doses)
  • Nebuliser solution 2.5mg/ml (£4.04 = 20 units)
  • Injection 500 micrograms/ml

Indications

Dose

  • By inhalation of powder, adult and child over 5 years, 500 micrograms (1 inhalation); for persistent symptoms up to 4 times daily
  • By inhalation of nebulised solution, 5–10mg 2–4 times daily; additional doses may be necessary in severe acute asthma

Notes

  1. Injections of beta agonists are only recommended for those patients unable to tolerate aminophylline infusion (use I/V salbutamol) or for a small number of brittle asthmatics (use S/C terbutaline).
  2. See notes on nebulised therapy.

Long-acting beta2 agonists (LABAs)

In asthma, a LABA should only be prescribed as combination products with inhaled corticosteroids (see below)

Salmeterol
  • Soltel® aerosol inhalation 25 micrograms/ metered inhalation (£19.95 = 120 doses)
  • Dry powder for inhalation 50 micrograms/ blister (£35.11 = 60 blister unit)

Indications

Dose

  • COPD: 50 micrograms twice daily
  • Asthma: 50 micrograms twice daily, or up to 100 micrograms twice daily in more severe airways obstruction
  • Soltel® is not licensed for use in children 12 years of age and younger
  • Child: 5–12 years of age should be prescribed Serevent®

Notes

  1. Soltel® CFC-free Inhaler 25 micrograms contains soya lecithin and is contraindicated in patients who have peanut or soya allergies.
Formoterol fumerate
  • Oxis Turbohaler® dry powder inhaler 6 micrograms/ metered inhalation, 12 micrograms/ metered inhalation (£24.80 = 120 doses)
  • Aerosol inhaler 12 micrograms/ metered inhalation (£30.06 = 100 dose unit)

Indications

Dose

  • COPD: 12 micrograms twice daily
  • Asthma: 12 micrograms twice daily, up to 24 micrograms twice daily in more severe airways obstruction
  • Child: 6 – 12 years, 12 micrograms twice daily

Notes

  1. Oxis Turbohaler® is licensed for children from age 6 years.
  2. The aerosol (and alternative dry powder inhalers) are licensed from age 12 years
Indacaterol
  • Onbrez breezhaler® inhalation powder, hard capsule 150 micrograms, 300 micrograms (£32.19 = 30 caps)

Indications

Dose

  • 150 micrograms once daily, increased to maximum 300 micrograms once daily

 

Home > Formulary > Chapters > 3. Respiratory > 3.1 Bronchodilators > 3.1.1 Adrenoceptor agonists

 

  • First line
  • Second line
  • Specialist
  • Hospital