Management of discharging ear

Scope

Adults and children with discharging ear (mucopurulent) secondary to tympanomastoid pathology.

Out of scope

Otitis externa

Assessment

History and Examination

  • History of grommet implantation/ previous surgery
  • Known chronic ear disease +/- perforation
  • Acute suppurative otitis media

Signs and Symptoms

  • Discharge
  • Hearing loss
  • Pain
  • Temperature
  • Mastoid swelling or tenderness
  • Imbalance or nystagmus
  • Cranial nerve involvement or evidence of intracranial pathology (e.g. delirium)
  • There may be concurrent development ofotitis externa

Differential Diagnoses

  • Otitis media
  • Otitis externa

Red Flags

  • Severe pain/ cellulitis
  • Suspected intra-cranial sepsis
  • Facial nerve palsy
  • Vertigo
  • Suspicion of acute mastoiditis

If red flags present refer to on call ENT

Management

Acute suppurative otitis media with perforation (severe pain and temperature followed by discharge and improvement in pain level.)

  • Adults antibiotics/ analgesia - Joint Formulary chapter 12
  • Children who are otherwise well consider deferred antibiotics
  • Keep ears dry. Protect ears in bath or shower from soap, shampoo and water. No swimming until review.
  • Review in primary care at 6 weeks to check ear drum is normal
  • Consider topical quinolone drops if persistent discharge with no other symptoms
  • Continuing discharge or abnormal ear drum at 6 weeks refer for specialist assessment

Chronic suppurative otitis media (chronic tympanic membrane or middle ear disease)

  • Treat according to Joint Formulary chapter 12
  • Prescribe topical antibiotics and steroid drops and pain killers
  • Give general advice
    • Do not poke ears, attempt to clean ear canals with implements like cotton buds, and keep protected from shampoo, soap and water. Cotton wool and Vaseline earplugs can be effective protection.
  • If symptoms are unresolved:
    • Refer for specialist assessment - see considerations referral

Adults and children with grommets
Discharging ear in a well patient with grommets

  • Topical ciprofloxacin eye drops (unlicensed) used in the ear
  • Keep ears dry. Do not attempt toclean ear canals

Joint Formulary Links

Referral

Referral Criteria

  • Any red flags present
  • Persistent discharge despite treatment

All referrals to include:

  • Patient history
  • Treatments already tried, duration tried, side effects, response

Referral Instructions

Referral for adults

e-Referral Service Selection

  • Specialty: ENT
  • Clinic Type: Ear
  • Service: DRSS-Northern-Ear Nose and Throat - Devon CCG- 15N
Referral for children

e-Referral Service Selection

  • Specialty: Children's & Adolescent Services
  • Clinic Type: ENT
  • Service: DRSS-Northern-Child & Adolescent Services- Devon CCG - 15N

Referral Forms

DRSS Referral forms

Supporting Information

Patient Information

Otitis media patient information leaflet

Glue ear

Water precautions for ears leaflet - NDHT

Pathway Group

This guideline has been signed off bu the Northern Locality on behalf of NEW Devon CCG.

Publication date: November 2017

 

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